Bulletin of National University of Uzbekistan: Mathematics and Natural Sciences


Today, around the world as a result of the activities of industrial enterprises, mining, their use, as well as other anthropogenic factors, there is a chemical pollution of the soil cover, a change in soil properties and fertility. Pollution of soils of various types leads to the formation of problems such as soil degradation, a decrease in the qualitative and quantitative level of fertility, as well as other problems associated with the ecosystem. Today, the urgent task is to create remediation measures for soils contaminated to varying degrees with oil and oil products, corresponding to the climatic conditions of the territory. Actual problems are studying the state of pollution by sources, for reclamation of soils contaminated with oil and oil products in the desert zone, their difference, determining the physicochemical, agrochemical, microbiological, biological properties of soils, separation of factors, algorithms, stages of restoration, the choice of measures taking into account the properties of soils and the nature of pollution, periods of reclamation processes, development of primary indicators and factors of soil fertility restoration, analysis of the temporary state of contaminated soils, the creation of cartograms for predicting the future state of soil pollution, the appointment of measures for the rational use of land resources based on the data obtained.

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